Eczema

Vanguard Dermatology

Dermatologists located throughout New York, NY

Eczema is an itchy, dry skin condition that affects 35 million Americans including children and adults. The experts at Vanguard Dermatology offer diagnosis and treatments for eczema at their seven offices in New York City, Brooklyn, Forest Hills, and Staten Island, New York. If red, itchy, painful skin is disrupting your life, call Vanguard Dermatology or make an appointment online today for customized care to relieve your symptoms and heal your skin.

Eczema Q & A

What is Eczema?

Eczema is a family of skin conditions that cause painful, red, itchy rashes. Atopic dermatitis is the most prevalent type of eczema and is what most people mean when they talk about eczema.

Eczema is more common in children than adults, and in most cases, children grow out of the condition around the time they reach puberty. Nonetheless, up to 3% of adults live with chronic eczema symptoms including:

  • Dry skin
  • Extreme itching
  • Red or brown patches of scaly skin
  • Small, raised bumps that may ooze
  • Thick, cracked skin
  • Raw or sensitive skin


If you live with eczema, your risk of skin infections increases. Not only is the temptation to scratch at your skin nearly irresistible, but your skin is also thin and easily damaged, making it easy for an infection to take hold.

What Causes Eczema?

The exact cause of eczema isn’t fully understood. However, medical researchers and dermatologists understand that there is a genetic component that increases your skin’s sensitivity to certain triggers including:

  • Animal dander and dust
  • Certain soaps and household cleaners
  • Scratchy fabrics such as wool or some synthetic fibers
  • Excessive sweating
  • Fruit juices


Your risk of eczema is higher if other members of your family have the condition. You’re also more likely to develop eczema if you have allergies or asthma.

How is Eczema Treated?

The team at Vanguard Dermatology provides customized treatments to relieve your eczema symptoms. They may prescribe oral or topical medicines such as corticosteroids to reduce swelling and inflammation. You may also benefit from calcineurin inhibitors that regulate your immune system and lessen your symptoms.

If you have frequent skin infections, your dermatologist can prescribe drugs to fight infection or recommend skin care products to reduce the bacteria on your skin.

Many patients also benefit from phototherapy for eczema. This could be as simple as exposing your skin to the sun for a certain amount of time. It can reduce itching and inflammation and help your skin’s natural bacteria-fighting systems.

How Should I Take Care of My Skin at Home?

Your dermatologist provides customized advice for at home skin care. In general, you should keep your skin clean, dry, and moisturized. You should use warm or cool water to shower or bathe and use gentle soaps. If possible, identify your eczema triggers and do your best to avoid them.

Don’t let eczema disrupt your life. Call Vanguard Dermatology or schedule an appointment online today.